What Is Ethical Hacking ?
Ethical hacking is the practice of using hacking techniques for the purpose of identifying vulnerabilities and weaknesses in computer systems, networks, and software applications. Ethical hackers, also known as "white hat" hackers, are hired by organizations to conduct penetration testing or security assessments to identify vulnerabilities before they can be exploited by malicious hackers.
Ethical hacking involves many of the same techniques used by malicious hackers, such as scanning for open ports and vulnerabilities, exploiting vulnerabilities to gain access, and using social engineering techniques to trick users into providing sensitive information. However, ethical hackers conduct their activities with the permission of the organization being tested and are required to follow a strict code of ethics.
The goal of ethical hacking is to identify and report vulnerabilities to the organization being tested, allowing them to take steps to address these vulnerabilities and improve their security posture. Ethical hacking can help organizations identify and mitigate security risks, prevent data breaches, and protect sensitive information from unauthorized access.
Ethical hackers must have a deep understanding of computer systems, networks, and software applications, as well as knowledge of common hacking techniques and tools. They must also adhere to a strict code of ethics and maintain confidentiality throughout the testing process.